Ænglisc … An Introduction to Old English ( “Anglo Saxon” )

Why is it that those who cannot spell basic words,
are the first to publicly display their Viciousness,
Foolishness, or Immaturity for the world to see ?

Multitudes Who Should
Blush with Shame,

are instead,

the ones who Curse with Rage.

“Grammar Nazi” …

I doubt very much if there has EVER been a time
in human history, where human beings have been –
not merely so crude, vulgar, and wilfully ignorant,

so viciously PROUD of the fact,

and vehemently determined
to remain that way.

Yes, certainly, you may have had some young man
in the Middle- or “Dark Ages”,
who never learned to read or write at all …

but NOW there exists several generations
who must have been taught the basics

(although, one may wonder precisely what it is that
‘English Teachers’ have been teaching under the
guise of “English” for the past 35 years),

yet have no interest to retain it for any dignified use.

Fæder ure þu þe eart on heofonum,
Si þin nama gehalgod. to becume þin rice,
gewurþe ðin willa,
on eorðan swa swa on heofonum

WHY LEARN Anything … ?

Those who do not have the Self Discipline
and Humility to Learn,

do not have the Self Discipline
and Humility to control
what comes out of their mouth (or keyboard).

Learning purely out of personal interest,
requires a spirit of humility that implies
a peaceful mind and lack of conceit.

Those who refuse to correct their own error
openly display the extent of their Vanity.

History, to the humble, IS exciting because
it is a pursuit of collecting the Wisdom,
Skill, Mistakes from which to learn,
and Experience … of those who came before.

Learning for the pure love of it,
removes the mind from the adoration of Self.


IF for no other reason –
to form the habit of Thinking
before Speaking or Writing.

When people speak or write, they either
destroy or raise up.

There IS NO Neutrality in language:

Complacency, Apathy, and Excuses, serve no
other purpose than to Destroy –
because they refuse to stand against the
degeneration in which the modern world
now wallows with pride.

The greatest device ever invented
to turn the human brain to mush …

Ten minutes on the Internet is revealing enough:

“She could of seen it if she tried.”

“Of” … ???

“This is what they should of saw:”

“… should … of … saw”

Disgusting is too noble a word for it.

“I’m going to lay down.” …

“LAY” is PAST tense.
“Lie” is what you are going to do.
“Lying down” is what you Are doing.

And then of course, there is
“there” … “their” or –
“your” and “you’re” .

Minds that are too lazy … to think.



A person who is Illiterate has never been taught.
One does NOT blame such a person at all.

But a person who is … aliterate … has the means
TO learn, but could not care less to do so.

I could read,
I could spell,
I could speak intelligently … But I don’t want to.

I do not possess the self discipline.
I do not possess the respect for those I am
communicating with, to even communicate properly.
I do not have the Integrity to do things properly.

I am Lazy.
I am Apathetic.
I am a self-obsessed Narcissist who cares only
about Me – let other people decipher
what I am saying …

I WILL NOT raise myself to a level
of personal responsibility to even speak or spell
basic words properly;

I WILL NOT ‘put myself out’ enough
to prove that I can be Trusted as a
Reliable Source of ANY Information,

I CERTAINLY DO NOT possess the Humility
to be thankful to anyone who corrects my error.

But I WILL use my limited capacity to spew
Obscenities at anyone who DARES to “Insult Me”,
by correcting my wilful Ignorance.

THAT is the Standard of the 21st century:

Be Better Than That.

That Multitudes publicly display such arrogance,
does Not mean that you have to join with them.


The MENTAL EFFORT to learn the Old,
will invariably make your MIND sharper,
and more PROFICIENT.

Someone who is interested enough to learn OLD English,
will probably develop that same self-discipline
to learn Proper English

Rather than representing Apathy
to the deteriorating hordes around you,

you will become a BENEFICIAL example
to human beings
that seem hell-bent on degrading themselves
at every possible opportunity.

Look at the letters used here –


you already know what the word sounds like,
despite the spelling. And now you have an idea
of how the language ‘sounds’.

Fæder ure þu þe eart on heofonum,
Si þin nama gehalgod. to becume þin rice,
gewurþe ðin willa,
on eorðan swa swa on heofonum

Do you know what it is ?

Look carefully:
key words are discernible …

“Fæder” – Father
“heofonum” – heaven
“nama” – name
“becume” – to come to pass
“ðin willa” – thine will
“eorðan” – earth
“heofonum” – heaven

By picking out what is evident – once
your mind is paying attention to the topic !!!
– you have already understood
half of what is in front of you.

And you have not even had a lesson.

“on eorðan swa (on earth so)
swa on heofonum (as on heaven)”.

When you begin to recognise WORDS from
a thousand years ago – along with the FACTS
and the HISTORY that your mind will acquire –

English becomes a fascinating subject
whose depths the modern multitudes
cannot even begin to fathom.

Join me in Lesson 1 to have a look
at the Anglo Saxon alphabet …

P Livingstone

The Destruction of the English Language: Part 1: Flat Earth, Perversion and Profanity

It was the delay of my wife’s flight from Stockholm
that found me sitting alone in the airport “Arrivals” area,
ten feet away from the first television set that I had seen
in five years …

Dispensing with Discernment

When I was a boy, I loved to learn.

As a teenager, I took every opportunity
to improve my knowledge by listening to,
observing, and talking with mature adults
who knew interesting things that I did not.

Sadly, it has become very apparent
that my particular method of learning –
shutting my mouth, and opening my eyes
and ears instead –

is one that seems to possess
not a great deal of popularity in the world today.

The advent of the home computer,
with its ready supply of photographs, video;
‘sound-byte’ articles; and personal opinion
from all and sundry on ‘chat’ sites,

has encouraged multitudes raised WITHOUT
the mental discipline instilled by books
and diligent reading, to regard themselves
as The Instant Expert
on whatever topic takes their fancy.

The knowledge, wisdom ( which is the ability
to apply knowledge ), and life-long skill
of experienced people … no longer matters.

In the 21st century, ‘My Opinion’
( that is, whatever appeals to – Me )
has become the only standard of … “truth”.

People will believe any and every
fear-mongering absurdity,
hand-wringing hypochondria, revisionist history,
and newly-manufactured ‘science’ …

if they see and hear it on the television set.

Human machines that cannot think without
“looking it up” on the Internet;

impoverished modern minds that would be rich
in practical wisdom, if they had but the humility
to pick up the crumbs that fell from the table
of those who came before them.

A personal thought to all 21st century,
Instant Internet Experts … teenagers …
college-boys … and beer-swilling ne’er-do-wells:

“Criticism Is Good: PROVIDED, of course,
that the one doing the criticizing is QUALIFIED
by sober-minded MATURITY,


In the 21st century, EVEN actual facts
no longer seem to matter.

Consider history, for instance …

Now … no one EVER actually believed
that the earth was flat.

That is a fallacy that has been taught
to almost every public school child
for the past hundred and twenty years.

The notion is the absurd invention
of American author Washington Irving
in his fictional account of ‘hero’
Christopher Columbus
and his imagined stand against the
oppressive ignorance of popery.

( Then again, an invention not too “absurd”,
apparently – for, after all, multitudes in the “advanced”
21st century believe Irving’s assertion to be a fact. )

The curvature of the earth was (almost) apparent
to men who specifically ascended mountains
in order to get a better view of approaching ships
or invaders:

with altitude, they could always see over and beyond
what had appeared – lower down – to be the horizon.

Is it truly necessary to state the glaringly obvious ?
One sees farther when climbing higher !

Curvature was apparent to those charged with
engineering ancient monuments for, a long plumb-line
held from a great height,
would actually hang with a slight curve.

You may despise the old Bible – yet you cannot argue
against the fact that its Old Testament
was written several thousand years ago …
and even that old book speaks of “the circle of the earth”,
[ Hebrew ‘chuwg’ or, ‘sphere’, Isaiah 40:22. ]

But that book – which is so profoundly infuriating

both to the immature, who curse and profane
out of all proportion to any other Book of Fairy Tales,
at even the mention of it;

and to those who refuse to consider that there could be
any higher god than themselves –

– is PARTICULARLY annoying when it also notes
that the spherical earth … sits in space:
“he … hangeth the earth upon nothing.”

Arrogant, smirking, 21st century mankind
may well try to present the ‘unsophisticated’ people
of the ancient world –

(you know – those ‘backward’ civilisations who could
place monstrous cubes of stone so precisely,
that a piece of paper cannot be inserted between them)

but they do it through outright lying,
and out-of-context misrepresentation.

A “flat earth” was certainly no deterrent to maritime trade,
which was a routine occupation long before Columbus.

In my wife’s Scottish home town of Roslin, in Midlothian,
portions of the mid-15th century Rosslyn Chapel
( ten minutes’ walk away from where her parents still live ),

are decorated with stone carvings of … corn … a crop
peculiar to North America … yet which is situated
in plain view: carved a good fifty years
before Columbus “discovered” America.

There was no 15th century sailor – nor even the
11th century Vikings who regularly made
the transatlantic voyage to Iceland, Greenland,
and North America – who Ever imagined
that they were going to sail off the end of a flat world.

Utter nonsense.

And yet this notion is believed as a ‘fact of history”
by multitudes.

And few there are who will believe otherwise.


The Cuckoo is a bird that never builds its own nest.

It gains its success by brutality and occupation.
It is a thug, a thief, and a bully of the worst kind.

It enters the nests of other birds, destroys what belongs
to them; steals the labour and workmanship of others,
and claims the results for itself.

It Invades … Occupies … and Steals what others own;
what others have created … and passes it off as its own.

The degradation of the English language
has always been something that I have always found
to be particularly appalling.

And it can certainly serve as an able illustration that,
whatever appeals to laziness … sells.

Noah Webster wakes up one morning;
decides he hates the British; and declares
that he is going to invent … an American language.

Of course, Webster doesn’t invent anything,
He Steals. He plagiarises English –
dispenses with objective rules of grammar;
alters spelling according to his own evidently
Italianate taste; and presents the resulting abomination
as “American English”.

With regard to SPELLING and the English language:

England was conquered, in 1066, by the Normans.

The French.
NOT the Italians.

English spelling is after the French – Not the Italian.

“Colour” … not ‘color’.

The premise of Webster’s perversion is: Laziness
save yourself the ‘trouble’ of learning grammar …
nothing to learn; nothing to remember … just ‘spell’ it
as it sounds.

Now, even those who embrace Webster’s innovation can,
I am certain, distinguish between painting vertical lines
(stripes) on a wall – “striping” (single consonant, ‘long’
vowel: “str – I – ping”) …

and the task of removing wallpaper – “stripping”,
(double consonant, short vowel … “str – ih – pping”.)

Yet, interestingly, they see nothing questionable in “traveling” –
(single consonant, ‘long’ vowel … “trav – EE – ling”), which,
in the English Language, is rendered “travelling”,
(double consonant, short ‘e’ … “trav – eh- lling”.)

And even in America, “Map” becomes “Mapping”.
Not ‘Maping’.

And all in the pursuit of laziness.


Moving from the beginning of the 19th century,
to the end of the twentieth century allows one to see
the results of throwing away objective standards
of right and wrong – and doing things … “by feel”.

I say “by feel” because, of course,
for the last twenty years or more, people
no longer … think.

They “feel”.

“Well, I just feel like it should be that …”

“And with all this “feeling” going on, it has – apparently –
also become essential ( in modern communication )
to interject the word “like” after every sixth word;

and begin the answer to any question,
by saying “So …”

“Have you lived here long?”
“So, I have lived here since 2009.”

“And, what have we here?”
“So, this is the main entrance to the building …”

And, of course, modern intelligence
would not be so readily an oxymoron
were it not for the necessity of including that filthy f-obscenity
at every possible opportunity – most notably,
after the word “the”.

Modern communication. Let me hear you speak,
and I’ll tell you what you are.

As was the case of two modern misses in the queue
in front of my wife and me, at a certain local Coffee House …

“So, like, I said to him, like, ‘You’ve got to be kidding’,
cause, like, I’m not going anywhere with him!
Like, I mean, come on, really!
Like, what am I, like, Oh my G**, what a f***ing loser! …”


Mother must be very proud.

I certainly understood the look
that the obnoxious little Madam gave me
when I indicated my wife behind her,
and a little girl in front of her,
and asked her to control her language.

No shame.

Not the SLIGHTEST concept of common decency in public,
much less ‘effing’ and blinding in front of other people –
including the little girl standing with their mother,
right in front of them.

What a public testament to her … “parents”.

Modern society?

Modern …

… Society ?

Truly, there is more refinement in an animal.

[ Continued in Part 2 ]

P Livingstone

Destruction of the English Language Part 2: Clinical Machines


Unwilling to read, although able to do so.
‘this generation is not illiterate but aliterate’

[ Oxford English Dictionary ]

People, it seems, no longer read books …
no longer “have the time” to read.

Mothers used to raise families – incredibly,
once the most honourable career on earth;

the whole family ate dinner together;

and fathers MADE the time
to read to their children at bedtime,
play with them, and instil moral values,
a sense of personal accountability,
and even … respect for others.

Children were taught the basic good manners
of addressing adults as “Miss”, “Mr”, or “Mrs” –
and young people did not roam the street at night
like packs of wild dogs.

Even television stations in Britain and America
were endued with enough morality
to broadcast a nightly message:

“It’s ten o’clock:
Do you know where your children are?”

But then, those were the days BEFORE
society threw off
every last pretence of moral decency.

Funnily enough, in the days of one-car families
and conventional ovens,

there was always … ‘time’.

In the 21st century, the more Luxuries, toys,
and gadgets people have at their disposal,
the Less … time … they claim to have.

Apparently, all that “time” is needed to
run around frenetically gabbling nonsense
into a mobile telephone,

plug oneself into some iMachine

or spend hours hypnotically transfixed
to type of screen.

As technology has turned the human brain to mush,
with an attention span measured in seconds –
multitudes no longer read or write,
and have thrown away the art of intelligent conversation.

With Every Luxury at their convenience,
one cannot but wonder what precisely it is
that people now do with their … ‘time’ ?


Waiting for the arrival of my wife’s flight, saw me
standing beside the first television that I had seen
in eight years.

From perusing the flight arrivals board,
I turned my head towards the wall-mounted television
in disbelief at the sound of the narrative that was coming
from something called a ‘newsmagazine’ programme
– about police procedures in locating missing people.

I actually grinned, (at first), at one embarrassingly
pretentious fellow – all shoulder-patches
and a shiny metal badge – who was obviously
relishing his moment in front of the camera
– trying to impress his listeners with ‘big words’.

But the smile was wiped from my face,
and I had to offer a mental ‘apology’ to the man,
when I realised that THIS machine-like legalese
was the way that “official” government employees
and TV-imitators on the Internet, now actually speak.

“… and so, we’re going to utilize the volunteers in an effort to …”



It would seem that people no longer “use” things – they “utilize” them.

“.. in an effort to alert people, we’ve put up lots of signage.”



We used to say “signs”.

What – ( one cannot but wonder ) – is next?

Will dictionaries soon be filled with … “wordage”?

I have learned that those who value objective standards
and seek to pass on their skill to younger generations,
are now impudently termed “Grammar Nazi’s” …

by the new breed of humanity who are

too lazy to make the effort;

too arrogant to humble themselves enough to learn;
and whose arrogance makes them defiantly determined
to remain vulgar, ignorant, and stupid.

It is no longer enough to wallow in apathy and laziness,
but modern humanity must also actually DESPISE those
who would dare to strive to impart knowledge.

[ Let us return, though, to ‘education’ by television ]

“It was soon discovered that the man went and hung himself”.

In the English language … Objects are “hung”.

Evil, sadistic, predatory people ( when there used to be
a justice system, rather than a legal system ) are … “hanged”.

A house may be “burgled” … not “burglarized”.

There is now, evidently, a tragic enthusiasm for
“True Crime” programmes in which one may hear
bandied about the term … “Serial Killer”.

Those of us who acquire English from somewhere
other than a TV set, were taught the English language term:

“Multiple Murderer”.

“… the elderly man was found deceased.”

Apparently … something is now ‘wrong’
with the term … “dead”.

The whole world of TV, Hollywood, and Internet imitators,
apparently now speaks in courtroom ‘legal-ese’.

Whatever has been taught in North American schools
during the past twenty years, grammar has
observably NOT been part of the curriculum:

“She should of seen it.”

When the simple word “have” … is replaced by “of”
in the common speech of the Internet hordes,

forgive me for believing that humanity
is but one step away from grunting verbally,
and communicating solely through the use of machines.

And then there are such disgraceful travesties,
as should not even merit refutation …

“We’re done here!” … and …

“Good to Go.”

One strongly suspects that this kind of grammatical atrocity
could only result from some Hollywood trend
in which steroid-assisted, foul-mouthed, ‘action heroes’
brandish guns and are prepared to set about
brutalising other people
for the “entertainment” of cinematic audiences:

“locked and loaded”, they are … “Good to Go!”.

And then, of course – “We’re done here.”

Absolutely disgraceful: North Americans reduced to
the absurdity of TV-speak
by mindlessly imitating, rather than thinking.

The Magic Wand, in folklore, was supposedly made
from the wood of the Holly: Plainly, that particular device
for magically entrancing and stupefying
the minds of people … is still in use.

Whatever may be its origins, the phrase
“You’re good to go!”
has evidently become the new
“Have a Nice Day.”

And there are those who actually believe
that minds are not affected by …

– that people do not mindlessly imitate –

what they see on that screen,
the altar of family worship in the average home.

What I learned through the medium
of that airport television set
let me realise that I am – truly – nearly extinct.

“The assailant was a 21 year old male who had recently
moved to the neighbourhood…”

I am confounded.

“Motorists are asked to be on the lookout
for a 42 year old female last seen …”

A 42 year old female?

And multitudes consider the 21st century
to be a technologically … “advanced” … civilisation ?

A 42 year old female.

A “42 year old female” … What?

Runaway horse?
Sulphur Crested Cockatoo?

Incredibly, those of us who were pupils at Elmgrove
Primary School in Belfast, in the 1960’s,
learned that Sentences
actually needed to have … a subject.

It was something of which all of us
eight-year old boys and girls were well aware.

How times have changed.

“… a 42 year old female …”

“Male” and “Female” … are Adjectives.

“I have a male Jack Russell Terrier, his name is Ben.”

When referring to human beings, in English, we say …

“Man” and “Woman”

“Boy” or “Girl”.

It distinguished human beings from animals.

Or at least, that is what we – as British schoolchildren,
were taught.

And – while I understand that it is an integral part
in the programme of social engineering
to obliterate human biological distinction,
and control human ‘thought’ to the extent that they
agree to the absurd,

I had imagined that people could at least PAUSE
long enough to THINK –
rather than immediately hand their brains over to
denying biological fact.

Do people truly NOT see what is happening?

Or is it just that television has simply been THAT
successful in obliterating the capacity for
independent thought ?

Adults are no longer called “employees” ,
but are regarded as disposable “resources”.
Resources – a thing, a disposable commodity,
to be used up and replaced by more of the same.

Automated Machines

Amongst the latest innovative “improvements”
of the last few years,
cursive writing is being eliminated from schools;

and schoolteachers are no longer allowed
to fail students because it might “damage the self esteem”
of the lazy, the irresponsible, and the openly rebellious.

Youngsters spew filth and profanity from their mouths
as part of common conversation,
yet are unable to string six sentences together grammatically;

while “educators” ‘dumb down” what passes for ‘education’
to such an extent that now, the ability to write like an adult
is soon going to be a thing of the past.

And all people care about is ‘partying’, being entertained,
and coveting the next iProduct or upgrade
for the one that they have just bought.

All the while, roundly despising anyone
who might call for objective standards of professionalism,
common decency, moral accountability … and grammar.

That penchant of Noah Webster’s – to summarily dispense
with objective standards according to the American’s own
personal opinion,
has ( plainly ) not been confined just to English grammar –
but has become the very foundation for modern thought.

Maturity, life experience, and the application of wisdom,
mean nothing to most:

“That’s your opinion” has become
the commonplace response of the day.
After all, screams the modern mind:

“No One is going to tell ME what to do.”

The least suggestion of self-control or morality,
and they are stirred to fury.

Our old English teachers instilled an appreciation
for the objective standards of grammar, reading, and writing.

Reading good books, they maintained,
was the greatest pastime we could ever have.

Reading worked our minds; it made us visualise
the scenes and situations about which we were reading.
It obliged us to actually use our brains.

Reading was the nutrition that made us think;
whilst writing was the exercise that conditioned our brain.

I recall, with gratitude, the teachers
who gave us a glimpse into the wonderful things
that we could learn from reading books –
by people, and about people,
who knew more than we did.

Reading taught us humility – that … we …
were not the centre of the universe.

And now – forty five years later, looking around
at the filth and profanity that spews from mouths
(and keyboards) of modern “civilisation” …
the Luciferian pride, contempt for diligence,
and the lack of moral integrity …

I am so very, very grateful that they did.

To Miss Evaschesen … Thank You.

Your student in 1967 – 68,
P Livingstone


[ Postscript: I am very sad to have learned
that Christine Evaschesen … died in 2010 ]